How Do Dietary Supplements Work? - Duke's Materia Tonica

Scientist's Study How Supplements Work for Health

Dietary supplements are ingestible foods that work by benefiting health, wellness, well-beinghealing, growth, development, and reproduction of someone. Scientific research studies supplements for their nutrition and any medicinal properties as used in herbalism and herbal medicine. The nutrients and unique constituents composition of dietary supplements work with the structural and/or biochemical functions of systems, organs, glands and tissues in the body. Supplements are best included with complete meals to support and promote their effectiveness.

Note: dietary supplements do not work like drugs to treat disease.

How Dietary Supplements Work

Dietary supplements work by benefits and constituents


  • Build-up
  • Maintenance
  • Support
  • Promote 
  • Repair
  • Minor relief of discomfort


  • Vitamins and minerals are essential to supporting and maintaining different organs, glands and tissues in the body.
  • Antioxidants from vegetables, fruits and superfoods maintain healthy levels of oxidation for energy.
  • Polysaccharides in mushrooms and tonics like astragalus build-up immunity.
  • Triterpenes in medicinal mushrooms promote vascular circulation and oxygenation throughout the body.
  • Ginsenosides in Asian and American ginseng promote adrenal and sex hormones production.
  • Glucosamine and chondroitin in edible pearls and deer antler velvet repair joint tissues and offer relief of minor joint discomfort.

Dietary Supplement Science

Supplements Work When Added To Meals

Benefits of dietary supplements are studied and research through biochemistry, observational supplementation, and traditional empirical uses. They work by nutrient science to increase the density of nutrients in the diet. In the case of spices, medicinal herbs, superfoods, botanicals they may be used as medicinal remedies because of their health supporting and promoting unique constituents.

  • Curcumin polyphenols in turmeric promote circulation into the joints for decreased joint discomfort and increased joint flexibility and regeneration.
  • Withanolide glycoside saponins in ashwagandha root promote brain function and improved cognition, memory, and sleep.
  • Glycosides in hawthorn berry, leaf and flower maintain blood circulation, promote fat and protein digestion, and support oxygenation and calmness.
  • Growth factors in deer antler velvet promote the repair and recovery of joint, muscle, skin and bone tissues.