What is a Tincture? - Duke's Materia Tonica
February 8, 2020 08:08
Duke's Materia Tonica
What is a Tincture?
A tincture is a liquid of a food or a drug that is preserved for later use, often made within a base of water with either alcohol, glycerin, oil or preservatives. They are made from dietary supplements such as vitamins, minerals, superfoods, tonics, adaptogens, and botanicals to promote health. Drugs may be added to tinctures for medical purposes, as in first aid or in the medical treatment of disease.
1800's Natural Healer Preparing A Tincture †
Types of Tinctures
There are four main types of tinctures:
1. Simple Tinctures
Simple tinctures are a traditional do-it-yourself homemade and commercially available tincture that is an effective remedy. They may be made by using a tincture press or by percolation method. Sometimes a second step may be done on botanicals to extract more constituents; called double or dual extracted tinctures.
Simple tinctures work by main constituents of a studied botanical which have various benefits to the functioning of organs, glands and tissues. Simple tinctures generally have very little nutritional value, in the form of vitamins, minerals, and so on.
Simple Twist Method Tincture Press †
Simple tinctures use 'water and alcohol' or 'water and glycerin' or 'water and apple cider vinegar' or 'oils'.
- Alcohol tinctures are superior, since it easily extracts the main constituents and has the alcohol for quick delivery and absorption.
- Glycerin tinctures are not as effective for extraction and delivery, but is the recommended way for individuals with a sensitive stomach to herbal remedies. Spray-dried extracts may be diluted in glycerin tinctures with greater success, see Dilution Tinctures below.
- Apple cider vinegar tinctures are least effective and are used for specific botanicals for specific effects of recognized singular constituents as part of an herbal first aid kit, such as a digestive formula made with kitchen spices.
- Oil tinctures may be made with certain botanicals, such as St. John's Wort, that are lipid based which may be extracted and preserved into oils.
- For example, St. John's Wort works by it's triterpenes which may be extracted into oil based tinctures.
2. Spagyric Tinctures
Spagyric is an old-school method, more advanced than the 'simple' extraction method, which is used to preserve and concentrate additional constituents, such as the oils and salts.
Old-school Spagyric Oil Distillation †
Spagyric is most known for the last extraction step of fermenting the leftover herbs, known as the 'marc', and calcining them by burning them to ashes. The mineral ashes are added to the previous extraction steps and may contain a minute amount of mineral salts.
Nowadays, we know that ashes are unabsorbable by the body and current methods exceed spagyric for nutritional purposes of minerals and salts. Modern methods, scientific research and more advanced equipment has integrated the original spagyric ideas into making better and more effective tinctures.
3. Dilution Tinctures
Modern technology can now focus on certain constituents that are extracted, separated and vacuum spray-dried into a powder. Most often, the powders are encapsulated or used in various combination vitamin, mineral, and botanical capsule supplements for best cost effectiveness. Spray-dried extract powders may also be diluted into a tincture for better absorption.
Powders are standardized for a specific marker constituent which is recognized as a main constituent of the botanical.
- Ginsenosides are a main constituent of ginseng that is used as standardized marker constituent.
Panax Ginseng Standardized Ginsenoside Powder †
These are often recognized by a percentage of standardization or large ratios such as 8:1, 20:1 or even 200:1. For example, 8:1 or 'eight to one' means eight pounds concentrated into one pound based on a specific marker constituent.
Dilution of spray-dried powders is best for glycerin tinctures since glycerin is a poor solvent for extraction. Water and alcohol dilution of spray-dried powders may be used for better absorption.
Many inferior quick-made tinctures use only a dilution of spray-dried powders diluted into a tincture as a way to create cheap and profitable dietary supplements.
This method may also be used by the medical industry for manufactured drugs since drugs must be analyzed and tested to ensure absolute potency and specific dosages, before being added to a tincture. Today, the medical industry chooses pills for convenience of drug delivery and intravenous titration by needle within hospitals.
4. Full-spectrum Tinctures
The full-spectrum method is best used to extract the vitamins, minerals, plant pigments and other unique constituents into a concentrated combination tincture.
Full-spectrum uses alcohol and water, sometimes glycerin, with various multi-step stages of extraction to be combined and concentrated for up to 99.9% of the constituents found within the superfood, tonic, adaptogen or botanical.
Some stages that may be used in full-spectrum tincture extraction:
- Double Boilers
- Distiller Equipment
- Pressurized Cookers
- Flash Steam Equipment
- Spectroscopic Analysis
- Filtration Systems
- Extraction Tanks
- Cold Process
- Heat Amplified
The stages of full-spectrum extraction may vary depending on the superfood, tonic, adpatogen and botanical used, therefore requiring knowledge of the spectrum of nutrition and unique constituents for an effective tincture.
Heat is applied to constituents to be more absorbable and effective.
- For example, heat is used on the polysaccharides in goji berry.
Extraction in a cool environment, such as a fridge, is applied to preserve the pigments, vitamins, peptides and oils found in tinctures.
- Cold processing is done with deer antler velvet to preserve the peptides and lipids.
Flash steaming is applied to crack tough cells wells for further extraction.
- Flash steaming is done to medicinal mushrooms to crack the cell walls called chitin.
Tonic Tinctures are full spectrum!
Recent Tincture History
The Knowledge of Healing Accelerates
Scientific and empirical knowledge of natural healing was accelerating during the 1800's. During a renaissance of science around the 1880's, natural healing methods were being advanced by women healers who would use tinctures made from food, herbs, botanicals, minerals or drugs with great success as remedies for ailments and for building health and wellness. Medical drug practice and health education with foods and supplements co-existed with each other without restrictions.
Rise of the Medical 'Quack' and Pharmaceutical Fraud
But, by the 1930's quack medical doctors would sell 'snake-oil' with exaggerated claims and false promises, in turn damaging health education with foods and supplements. In 1938 the US government signed the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA 1938) into law to differentiate food, cosmetics and drugs separately from one another and to protect people from unregulated dangerous drugs in the food supply. Foods and supplement tinctures are included in the food side of the law as a dietary supplement. Medical drug tinctures are the property of the federally regulated pharmaceutical industry as a 'product' for the sole purpose of the 'service' of treating disease.
Dietary Supplement Health Education Becomes Law
These regulations allowed both industries to develop appropriately with occasionally regulated assistance until 1994. The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA 1994) was signed into law because of further medical pharmaceutical corruption damaging health education and the dietary supplement industry. Non-medical tinctures were now specifically protected under law as food and health education, without the purposes of treating, preventing, mitigating or curing disease, but instead to build-up health and wellness.
Search Engines Promote the Violation of Human Rights
Once again, in 2020, health education and dietary supplements are under attack from medical corruption and pharmaceutical fraud. Search engines are being used to spread disinformation concerning health and supplements while promoting pharmaceutical drug fraud and medical 'quackery'. Search engines freely promote medical charlatans, as online doctors, pharma-backed supplement propaganda websites, illegitimate government agendas, and ignorant 'snake-oil' salespeople. Additionally, search engines incorrectly reference medical 'healthcare' and 'pharmacy' policies for dietary supplements and health education guidance. While ignoring the law for health education guidance, search engines are the purposeful peddlers of medical fraud and the modern day 'quacks' of the past.
Where is the dietary supplement and health education guidance within the search engine industry? Will they continue to violate human rights by blocking health education and appropriate marketing and use of dietary supplements?
Dietary Supplement Health Education is a Human Right
What will become of the tincture? DSHEA (1994) is an unbreakable law that censors medical pharmaceutical corruption so that we all have freedom to health education and dietary supplements.
1. Tonic Tinctures Dietary Supplement Regulation Original Research
Discover how search engines, journalists, government agencies, 'quack' doctors, and medical pharmaceutical fraud damage the dietary supplement industry. Learn how to disassemble disinformation that blocks health education. Over 200 references.