Duke's Materia Tonica
Spagyric tinctures are an ancient alchemical and old-fashioned method of doing a single-step extraction tincture and then calcining, by indirect high-heat, the marc after extraction into white mineral ash, which is then dissolved into the single-step extraction.
A powder extract is made by extracting an herb into a single-step or dual-step or multi-step fluid extract which is then spray dried and flash dried to form a soluble powdered form of the fluid extract. A powder extract of an herb is different than a powdered herb.
Multi-step tinctures are multiple step liquid extract of an herb, of at least three steps, but as many six or seven steps, that are produced in a specific order of different stages, progressively from cold or unheated to warmed to heated. Multi-step is used to best achieve a balance of the constituents and nutrients for a broad range health and healing benefits.
Dual-step tinctures, also referred to double-step tinctures, are when a second step is added to single-step tinctures where the herbs are used again to produce a liquid extract that contains more water soluble nutrients and constituents.
Single-step tinctures are effective remedies that are the traditional do-it-yourself homemade medicinal tinctures, which can be commercially manufactured and sold. They may be made by using a tincture press or by percolation method with whole herbs, cut-and-sifted quality, and/or powdered herbs.
Fresh herbs tend to extract faster than dried herbs. Dried herbs tend to extract longer than fresh herbs, because they must be reconstituted during the time of maceration.
A liquid extraction ratio is a numerical representation, which may include unit measures, that denotes the potency of a liquid extract by comparing amount of herbs to liquid used, the herb to menstruum, and is necessary for referencing serving size and dosage.
Oil tinctures are made by macerating cut and sifted quality herbs that have oil soluble medicinal constituents in extra-virgin olive oil so that they may be taken orally, applied directly to skin, scalp, and hair, and mixed with cosmetics.
Apple cider vinegar tinctures, also known as acetic tinctures, are a special class of liquid extracts that use raw apple cider vinegar as the menstruum. Apple cider vinegar preserves and easily extracts the volatile aromatics of herbs and spices, in addition to combining well with liver health and detoxification roots.
A tincture made with vegetable glycerin and water is called a glycerite and is used for extracting mild tasting culinary spices or in the extracting of medicinal herbs for low potency, or for dissolving powder extracts. Glycerites are usually easy-to-take and apply externally, mixed with cosmetics, and in the cooking of food.
Hydroalcohol liquid extract is made by using a menstruum of edible alcohol (ethanol) and distilled water in the maceration and extraction of herbs. Hydroalcohol tinctures are superior for extraction methods, since they easily extract nearly all of the constituents, especially the volatile constituents, while also becoming a carrier of the constituents for quick and complete absorption.
An extraction tincture goes through a process of macerating and extracting spices, botanicals, and/or superfoods, which are collectively known as herbs in herbalism, directly into a fluid menstruum through a variety a methods that are either single, dual, or multi-step.
When making extraction tinctures, both fresh herbs or dried herbs or a combination of both fresh and dried are used. When using herbs always select the correct part and process the herb accordingly, using the tradition of empirical hands-on usage and the modern scientific research as guidance.
A tincture is an easy-to-take concentrated fluid supplement of any combination of vitamins, minerals, spices, herbs, botanicals, and/or superfoods that is taken in small serving sizes and fractional doses.
A specific form of medical consensus that is used when their is insufficient data and lacking contradictory research for making medical decisions is called evidence-based medicine done with peer-review, where a panel of experts will reach consensus, with any quality of available evidence, before implementing new methods of practice.
Medical consensus is the public facing disclosure and statements of agreed upon methods and practice by a private panel of relevant experts when lack of scientific methods exist or where evidence is contradictory.
A side effect is the medical risk of an unwanted consequence and unintended result from taking a medical drug, because they are toxic, that is a known or unknown reaction of abnormal functioning
An adverse event is an undesirable experience that may be associated with hydration or the lack thereof, eating or the lack thereof, taking supplements or the lack thereof, and physical, emotional, and/or mental activity or the lack thereof, and any experiences of medical treatment that is in error.
A prescription is an authorization that is prescribed by a healthcare professional for medical drugs, procedures, therapy, and counselling in the prevention, management, treatment, and cure of a disease or health-related conditions that has been diagnosed.
A drug is a non-healing form of toxic medicine used by medical healthcare professionals to intervene in the causes of health-related conditions and diseases, given by diagnosis, for treatment, prevention, management, and cure.
A patient is a person who has authorized a medical healthcare physician to make an official recorded statement of the condition of their health and advise them medically, which may include a diagnosis of a disease or health-related conditions and any related treatments, including the prescribing of procedures and drugs.
Within medical healthcare, a treatment is an intervention in the causes of disease after diagnosis. The final stage of a successful treatment protocol is called a cure, where the method of disease or condition intervention brings about a temporary relief of any associated non-functioning.
Mental health is a medical industry marketing term to recognize a patient's diagnosis of a health-related conditions and disease within the allopathic fields of behavioral pathologies and psychological disorders.
Within medical healthcare, a diagnosis is the process of determining the disease causes for treatment and management. A symptom is a manifestation of a health-related condition or disease which has been identified by healthcare practitioner to be directly related to a diagnosis and concurrent treatment.
Disease is the theoretical clinical pathology name for a state of non-functionality that require treatment. A health-related condition, sometimes shortened to health condition or instead stated as a health problem or health issue, is medical industry marketing terminology that directly refers to a disease.
A pathologist is a person who researches, studies, and/or practices using pathology. A healthcare practitioner is a medical industry marketing term for any pathologist who is licensed to practice allopathy. The most commonly recognized pathologist is a conventional medical doctor (MD).
Pathogens are external contagious agents to our body that bypass or overcome immunity and the immune system, thereby causing an infection. Within the Germ Theory these pathogens are commonly known as germs which cause sickness.
Medical practice uses pathology to treat, prevent, manage, and cure the causes of diseases and health-related conditions that have been diagnosed, such as non-functioning of the body, emotions, and mind.
Pathology is the theoretical science of allopathy for studying, researching, and discovering the causes of diseases.
Allopathic medicine, also known as allopathy, is the all-encompassing methodology of practicing pathology to intervene with the causes of diseases and health-related conditions in individual patients.
Health claims are regulatory organization and medical industry marketing terms that refer to qualified or approved claims that a food and/or supplement reduces the risk of diseases or health-related conditions. There are two types of health claims.
Nutrient density, an integral part of nutrition, is the overall concentration of nutrients that are needed and possibly required by the body to function, heal, grow, and develop. The bodily feeling of hunger is a craving for more nutrients which is satisfied by increasing nutrient density.
Vitamins are essential carbon-based organic compounds that are utilized as metabolic cofactors for maintaining health, promoting vitality, supporting healing, and for the generation and regeneration of tissues. Vitamins must be acquired through a complete balanced diet, since they cannot be manufactured by the body.
Cholesterol is a type of solid waxy fat, in the zoosterol grouping, with a complex carbon ring structure that is produced by animals and humans in the liver and only found in animal foods.
Fats, another name for lipids are made up of fatty acid hydrocarbons that are used by the body in various ways: for energy, hormones, organ function, nerve structure and neurotransmitters, and emotional and mental health. Fat has 9 calories of energy per gram which is twice the amount of oxidation compared to carbohydrates and protein.
Proteins are the structural components that are the fundamental parts of cells. such as the cytoplasm, protoplasm, and cell nucleus. Protein is found everywhere within the human body and includes skeletal muscle, organs, blood, bones, and lymph. Other types of proteins that have functions are DNA and RNA, enzymes, and hormones. Protein has 4.5 calories of energy per gram.
Carbohydrates, in the form of starches and sugars, are necessary to consume and required for healthy performance and decreased stress-response. Continuous overconsumption of carbohydrates can cause someone to become overweight by reducing the density of nutrients in the diet.
Water is the unique universal solvent that forms the biochemical basis for all the processes and reactions of all other essential nutrients, biochemicals, and other various solutes created by the body and received from the environment; therefore water is necessary for the hydration of systems, organs, glands, and tissues of the body to function, grow, develop, and heal.
Nutrients are an essential part of nutrition found in food. Essential nutrients include protein (amino acids), lipids (fat), essential fatty acids (EFA's), vitamins and minerals.
The uncomfortable feeling of hunger is normal and a natural desire of the body which is satiated by eating food. When someone is hungry their body needs the overall combined nutrition and various important nutrients and constituents found in food, so their body, emotions, mind, and spirit work.
Optimally, someone will eat 3 balanced complete meals per day. During daily activity the body requires nutrient density within the diet on a continuous basis every 4-6 hours for best functioning of body, emotions, and mind.
A complete balanced meal contains various food groups for balanced nutrition; different food groups have a different density of nutrients, such as protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and unique constituents that are best combined together in balanced way for optimal nutrition.
Food is what someone eats and drinks in their diet that is required for health, wellness, and well-being, such as water, beverages, meals, snacks, salt, and dietary supplements. Food is best consumed in balance during meals.
Nutrition is the science of feeding the body food from various sources to create complete balanced meals that contain a density of essential nutrients, like protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and unique constituents.
Health and disease are two important terms that easily get mixed-up when considering food, nutrition, diet, nutrients and dietary supplements.
Public health is the study and practice of sanitation in in personal residences, public areas, community facilities, and the environment, including food and water quality.
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