Adaptogens because they promote work tolerance, recovery from stress, and immunity.
Some medicinal mushrooms may be used in cooking as vegetables to add savory and umami flavors to dishes for both nutrition and medicinal benefits, such as shiitake, oyster, lion's mane, and maitake mushroom.
Other medicinal mushrooms may be bitter tasting, woody, tough, and unchewable, such as chaga, reishi, and turkey tail, which must be extracted into a dietary supplement to make them easier to take, most often around mealtime, for their nutrition and medicinal benefits.
Vitamins - B vitamins, including B12, and vitamin D when exposed to outdoor sunlight
Minerals - commonly potassium, phosphorus, selenium, copper, sulfur, and germanium, among others.
Antioxidants - glutathione and ergothioneine for healthy energy, liver health, and detoxification.
Bioflavonoids & Polyphenols - antioxidants which support energy, heart health, and detoxification.
Polysaccharides - very long glucose molecules, known as beta-glucans, that support immune cell growth in the bone marrow and immune cell activity in the gut and throughout the body.
Acids - most commonly triterpenes, but highly varied depending on the medicinal mushroom and responsible for many of the other non-immune health benefits, especially vascular blood-flow, oxygenation, and liver detoxification.
Sterols - support liver and adrenal health.
Nucleosides & Nucleotides - support muscle relaxation and nerve transmission.
Unique peptides - promote antioxidants to maintain cellular integrity.
Chitin - indigestible fiber found in the cells walls of fungi.